A copy of the smoking kit of a Soviet soldier from the Second World War.
1) Packaging "Priboy" (means "surf" — from Russian) with cigarettes.
2) Packing of Makhorka (shag) "Beat the fascist bastard!". The text on the package "40 sheets size 50x80 mm OST 260 price 80 kop.". OST means an branch standard, an analogue of GOST (state industry standard), but at the branch or ministry level. On the back there is the inscription "Artel of paper and cardboard, workshop for the blind". Such an organization appears in the All Moscow reference book of 1936 as the Mosoblcoopinsouz Production Association of Paper and Cardboard named after the 2nd Five-Year Plan. The blind were employed there in the 1st workshop (paper-processing production) at 18, Novokuznetskaya Street and in the 5th (box production) at Krestovozdvizhensky lane 4 (this building has been preserved).
3) 2 packs of smoking paper (just enough for one pack shag).
4) A pouch for tobacco ("kiset" — in Russian) made of red calico.
The layout is intended for museums, film production and military historical reenactors. Now, during the reconstruction (game simulation of battle), sitting in the trench and squeezing your head in the shoulders at each break of an enemy shell, you can treat your comrades with an authentic self-rolling cigarette!
A bit of history.
Russians differentiate "papirosa" from "cigarette". What's the difference?
1. For papirosas, a sleeve is first made, and then tobacco is stuffed into it. In the manufacture of cigarettes, the tobacco cord is wrapped with paper and parts of the desired length are cut from the resulting “long cigarette”.
2. The papirosa-shirt is locked mechanically without glue. And in cigarettes, the seam is sticked together.
3. If you do not smoke the papirosa, it should go out. There is even a papirosa-smokers' saying: "do not gab, otherwise it will go out." Cigarettes, as a rule, smolder down to the filter due to additives in the paper (nitration). But the increased burning temperature of cigarettes and additives in paper worsen the taste of tobacco!
4. The filter for cigarettes is not point of difference — there are cigarettes with a filter.
Soviet cigarettes had 3 diameters: 7.2; 8.2 and 8.8 mm. The information that there was a diameter of 7.62 mm so that it was possible to drive gunpowder into shells on the same machines in case of war — is a myth. The grade of cigarettes was divided into 6 classes (1st best). Cigarettes "Priboy" with a length of 70 mm belonged to the 6th class.
When smoking, it was common to crush the cigarette in a special way, and then blow inward to remove loose pieces of tobacco. If the cigarette was shared with a comrade, then the slobbery tip should be torn off by teeth and spit out, and then pass the smoke.
Makhorka (shag) is a relative of tobacco (in the botanical sense), and yet many do not see the difference between them. Makhorka differs from tobacco in a more saturated delicate aroma and a higher content of nicotine. The makhorka plant (Nicotianarustica) does not require care and resists pests of agricultural products. In the twentieth century, peasants grew it on their farms, it was called "rural tobacco."
In the Soviet Union, makhorka was made from primary products grown in different regions, receiving a unique aromatic mixture. The strength of the product depended on the ratio of soft and solid particles. Soviet makhorka was sold in paper bundles. There were 3 varieties:
-strong No. 1 (minimum number of solid particles),
-average No. 2,
-easy number 3.