Porcelain mug for tea or beer with the inscription ГУВС-НКВД (GUVS-NKVD). The inscription is copied from the original subject of agitation porcelain. Such porcelain is also called propaganda-dishes; it was one of the tools to create a positive image and importance of the organization, along with uniforms, special insignia and unique awards. We offer here a beautiful item for domestic use, which is undoubtedly a great gift!
The Main Directorate of Military Supply (Главное управление военного снабжения — ГУВС) of the NKVD (Interior Ministry analogue) of the USSR was formed on March 8, 1939 by order of the NKVD No. 00206 and existed until 1966. Several photos of the original tableware of the GUVS NKVD made by "Proletary" (Пролетарий) plant in Msta (Мста) city are shown below. Photo posted on forum.ww2.ru forum by varaking.
A durable mug of a convenient shape weights approximately 300 g and holds 330 ml of liquid. Diameter 8 cm, height almost 10 cm. The inscriptions are applied as hot decals (paint is baked into the surface at high temperature), this is not a cheap stencil. The inscriptions are fixed securely and can be washed in a dishwasher.
On the bottom there is the manufacturer's marking: the N.K.M.P. icon in the form of related letters, the abbreviation of the RSFSR over a schematic representation of a porcelain product, and under it is "Proletarij, Msta". This is the mark of the Proletarij plant from 1939-1940 (according to information from the site farfor.club). It was under the N.K.M.P. or Narkommestprom (People’s Commissariat for Local Industry). Since 1920 in the USSR small and medium-sized enterprises whose products and services were intended for local consumption were considered a separate branch of the economy (in comparison with large strategic enterprises). At the same time, such factories created that unique objects. This factory should not be confused with the "Proletarij" porcelain factory (until 1922 the Kornilov brotherhood partnership). The "Proletarij" plant near the Msta river in the Novgorod province (or rather, on the banks of the Nisha river) was founded in 1882 on the initiative of Mr. Reichel. In 1893, in the hands of Ivan Emelyanovich Kuznetsov (the owner and other porcelain factories), the enterprise began to be called the Bronnitsky porcelain and earthenware factory. And since November 1922, at the initiative of the workers, the enterprise was renamed the "Proletarij". Since 1925, "Proletarij" or "proletaian" has completely switched to the production of porcelain. Sources: ru.wikipedia.org, rusmodern.com, farfor-antik.ru, sovfarfor.com.
The State Political Administration (GPU) under the NKVD of the RSFSR was established on February 6, 1922 at the proposal of Lenin (when the ВЧК or VChK was abolished). The tasks facing the GPU:
• suppression of open counter-revolutionary actions, including banditry;
• security and anti-espionage measures;
• protection of railway and waterways;
• political protection of the borders of the RSFSR;
• combating smuggling and crossing the borders of the republic without appropriate permits;
• fulfillment of special instructions of the Presidium of the All-Russian Central Executive Committee (ВЦИК) for the protection of the revolutionary order;
• disclosure of counter-revolutionary organizations and persons whose activities are aimed at undermining the economic organs of the republic.