The parka is sewn from natural fabric with linen weaving (cotton duck, such as a tent). Such fabric protects from wind and water the best. Unfortunately, the fabric is not completely waterproof because it is not synthetic. Original winter sets also got wet (especially towards the end of the war, when there were a lot of viscose in the composition). Below is a video about fabric printed exclusively for our shop in October 2019.
The camouflage pattern is carefully copied: this is the work of of our Replika shop team. The fabric was made exclusively for our Replika shop and used for our winter jackets; it is not sold anywhere except replik.ru.
Inside the insulation from recycled clothing is used, as it was in the originals. The Germans collected the old uniforms, as well as civilian clothes (including trophy and confiscated) and recycled it, getting a cloth like a loose blanket. The composition of such insulation varied due to the heterogeneity of the raw materials. In general, winter suits were not very warm. They had to be worn over a shirt, a cloth uniform and a sweater (a multilayer military uniform system is used to date). In a full suit, it is comfortable down to -15 degrees Celsius, however, this is not enough for guard duty (long inactivity), for this there were a special overcoat and guard boots.
We were attentive to the details, found and copied even insignificant and inconspicuous at first glance.
A special double-sided tape was usually used for the waistband and cuffs (on one side pale green, on the other white). Another option was to sew belt from two colors of fabric (like a jacket), however, this was done only on the very first models (plain pale green). The tape was cheap in production and allowed to save fabric and time for assembly of these small elements. The ends of the tape are usually tucked straight 2 times (at the latest only 1 time, securing with a zigzag line along the cut so that it does not fluff). Only on the very first (plain colour) winter jackets did the ends fold into a triangle. Some manufacturers of modern copies make a mistake with the tips of these tapes.
Original waistband on a winter jacket SS. The end is tucked 1 time and stitched by cut. The source of the photo of the original item: lux-military-antiques.com
Winter sets were fastened on metal grain buttons (standard for the German uniforms). However, glass and plastic buttons (flat with 4 holes) were often found. This was due to the development of the German chemical industry, which complied with the development of new, cheap and durable materials. Flat buttons were more convenient than metal buttons on a leg, although they didn’t look so beautiful. Sometimes the buttons were made of pressed cardboard, they have a recognizable design with small corrugations in a circle. Similar original jackets have a different set of accessories.
Types of original buttons on SS winter jackets (not a complete list). Original photo source: lux-military-antiques.com, Anton Volchkov and others.
There are reinforcements on the elbows of the jacket. Also, the hood has 4 tucks at the top to more densely cover the head in front. These features appeared together with camouflage models of jackets (they are not found in plain ones) no earlier than the winter of 1943/44. Moreover, the features of tailoring are not tied to the color of the jacket, but to the time of its manufacture. The original winter suits in camouflage Oak Spring (green shades of spots) were sewn both according to the early and late patterns.
Reinforcement on elbows and tucks on the hood of the original winter jackets. Elbow reinforcements do not always fit together, it depended on the manufacturer and the production time.
The pockets of SS winter jackets were 4-point in the Heer.
How to choose the size?
In the product photo: size II (medium) is worn on a person who usually wears Russian size 52 or L, XL. Height 180 cm, chest 100 cm, shoulder width along the top 45 cm, girth 98 cm. The parka is worn over the summer set, as as it should be.
The size of the jacket fits the size of the pants, that is, the jacket and pants must be bought in the same size. If you wear a tunic of size L, then you need to buy a winter jacket L (that is, size II), you should not add the size "for the winter", everything has already been added. The standart height for the jackets and pants is 182 cm. This affects the length of the sleeves for jackets and the length of the legs for pants. German winter jackets were of three sizes: small, medium and large; we did the same. German winter jackets are made wide enough not to fetter a soldier and to fit different body-shapes; this must be understood if you are not buying a jacket for reenactment, but for civilian use.
Canadian soldiers in Merksem, Belgium (near Antwerp), seizing the unifroms warehouses of the factory Reitz. The terrain is flat, rugged by rivers, the weather is windy and cold: Canadians are insulated as they can. Pay attention to the ratio of length and width of German winter jackets. Photo source: National Archives of Canada and the book of V. Palinckx "Camouflage uniforms of the German Wehrmacht."
You can choose the size without trying. You will need a flexible meter or at least a rope. Measure a similar winter jacket that suits you. Designations:
• Chest around — the recommended bare chest girth for a given jacket size (taking into account that you will wear it over a sweater and tunic); in brackets there is the maximum girth of the chest, which will fit into a jacket of this size (without a sweater and tunic).
• Plain chest — of the jacket under the armpits when the waistband is completely loose.
• Sleeve length — from the shoulder seam down in a straight line.
• Back height — from the hood bottom stitch down in a straight line.
• Shoulder — from hood bottom to the sleeve seam.
• The width of the shoulders — between the sleeves' seams along the shoulder seams, behind the neck.
|Size of the parka||Russian, international size|
|Plain chest||Sleeve length||Back height||Shoulder||The width of the shoulders|
|I||48-50, S-M||up to 100 (110)||66||60||75||17||53|
|II||52-54, L-XL||up to 110 (120)||70||64||78||19||57|
|III||56-58, 2XL-3XL||up to 120 (130)||74||68||81||21||62|
You can choose the size that is in stock. If the required size cannot be selected, then it is (already) out of stock.
How to care for the product?
The soldiers at the front did not have the opportunity to wash their jackets (especially in the washing machine). After the winter (or in the case of taking the unit to rest in the deep rear), they handed the winter uniform over, and the rear services cleaned, sorted and stored it. Therefore, washing the winter uniform in the washing machine is an extreme measure. To get started, you just need to wash the jacket with a sponge or a soft brush with soap or detergent for natural fabrics in those places where it is dirty (usually this is the neck and cuffs). You can wash off the detergent with a jet of water (shower in the bathroom, for example).
The use of bleach (stain remover) is permissible only manually on the white side and on a dry jacket. So you can return the whiteness to the cuffs and other dirty areas. However, if bleach seeps onto the camouflage side (for example, through a seam), white spots will forever remain. It is unacceptable to wash the entire jacket in bleach!
Washing a jacket is the removal of contaminants from external surfaces; inside the jacket there is nothing to wash. If you decide to save time and wash in a machine, then select the delicate washing mode at a temperature of no higher than 40 degrees. The jacket will not deteriorate, the color will not fade, however, the jacket will slightly lose its shape and will no longer look like new.
There were some variations of "Marsh" camouflage (original name: Sumpftarn, also Swamp in English). The first appeared in 1943, it was essentially a "Splinter" with blurred edges and warmer color scheme. At the same time appeared a "blurred Splinter" in standard colors. And to 1944 "Swamp" began to be shapeless. We used this type here.